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References: Parathyroid glands

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  38. Vazquez-Diaz O, Castillo-Martinez L, Orea-Tejeda A, et al. Reversible changes of electrocardiographic abnormalities after parathyroidectomy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Cardiol J 2009; 16(3):241-5.
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  47. Peacock M, Bilezikian JP, Klassen PS, et al. Cinacalcet hydrochloride maintains long-term normocalcemia in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005; 90(1):135-41.
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  51. Silverberg SJ, Rubin MR, Faiman C, et al. Cinacalcet hydrochloride reduces the serum calcium concentration in inoperable parathyroid carcinoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007; 92(10):3803-8.
  52. Zanocco K, Angelos P, Sturgeon C. Cost-effectiveness analysis of parathyroidectomy for asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism. Surgery 2006; 140(6):874-81; discussion 881-2.
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  54. Khan AA, Bilezikian JP, Kung AW, et al. Alendronate in primary hyperparathyroidism: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89(7):3319-25.
  55. Parker CR, Blackwell PJ, Fairbairn KJ, Hosking DJ. Alendronate in the treatment of primary hyperparathyroid-related osteoporosis: a 2-year study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002; 87(10):4482-9.
  56. Chow CC, Chan WB, Li JK, et al. Oral alendronate increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003; 88(2):581-7.
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  58. Guo CY, Thomas WE, al-Dehaimi AW, et al. Longitudinal changes in bone mineral density and bone turnover in postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1996; 81(10):3487-91.
  59. Diamond T, Ng AT, Levy S, et al. Estrogen replacement may be an alternative to parathyroid surgery for the treatment of osteoporosis in elderly postmenopausal women presenting with primary hyperparathyroidism: a preliminary report. Osteoporos Int 1996; 6(4):329-33.
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  64. Carneiro DM, Solorzano CC, Irvin GL, 3rd. Recurrent disease after limited parathyroidectomy for sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. J Am Coll Surg 2004; 199(6):849-53; discussion 853-5.
  65. Chen H, Sokoll LJ, Udelsman R. Outpatient minimally invasive parathyroidectomy: a combination of sestamibi-SPECT localization, cervical block anesthesia, and intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay. Surgery 1999; 126(6):1016-21; discussion 1021-2.
  66. Barczynski M, Cichon S, Konturek A, Cichon W. Minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy versus open minimally invasive parathyroidectomy for a solitary parathyroid adenoma: a prospective, randomized, blinded trial. World J Surg 2006; 30(5):721-31.
  67. Miccoli P, Berti P. Minimally invasive parathyroid surgery. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001; 15(2):139-47.
  68. Irvin GL, 3rd, Solorzano CC, Carneiro DM. Quick intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay: surgical adjunct to allow limited parathyroidectomy, improve success rate, and predict outcome. World J Surg 2004; 28(12):1287-92.
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  70. Wu BH, PI; Bath, J. Utilization of parathyroidectomy in older patients: a population-based study., 2009.
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  72. Bachar G, Gilat H, Mizrachi A, et al. Comparison of perioperative management and outcome of parathyroidectomy between older and younger patients. Head Neck 2008; 30(11):1415-21.
  73. Chigot JP, Menegaux F, Achrafi H. Should primary hyperparathyroidism be treated surgically in elderly patients older than 75 years? Surgery 1995; 117(4):397-401.
  74. Egan KR, Adler JT, Olson JE, Chen H. Parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism in octogenarians and nonagenarians: a risk-benefit analysis. J Surg Res 2007; 140(2):194-8.
  75. Mannix H, Jr., Pyrtek LJ, Crombie HD, Jr., Canalis E. Hyperparathyroidism in the elderly. Am J Surg 1980; 139(4):581-5.
  76. Pruhs ZM, Starling JR, Mack E, Chen H. Changing trends for surgery in elderly patients with hyperparathyroidism at a single institution. J Surg Res 2005; 127(1):58-62.
  77. Shin SH, Holmes H, Bao R, et al. Outpatient minimally invasive parathyroidectomy is safe for elderly patients. J Am Coll Surg 2009; 208(6):1071-6.
  78. Uden P, Chan A, Duh QY, et al. Primary hyperparathyroidism in younger and older patients: symptoms and outcome of surgery. World J Surg 1992; 16(4):791-7; discussion 798.
  79. Stechman MJ, Weisters M, Gleeson FV, et al. Parathyroidectomy is safe and improves symptoms in elderly patients with PHPT. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2009.
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  81. Ben Haim M, Zwas ST, Munz Y, et al. Focused, minimally invasive radio-guided parathyroidectomy: a feasible and safe option for elderly patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Isr Med Assoc J 2003; 5(5):326-8.
  82. Lowe H, McMahon DJ, Rubin MR, et al. Normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism: further characterization of a new clinical phenotype. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007; 92(8):3001-5.
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  86. Lorentzon R, Larsson HO, Boquist L. Quantitative parathyroid morphology is unaltered in prolonged hypocalcemia. A quantitative electron microscopic study in the Mongolian gerbil. Acta Pathol Microbiol Immunol Scand A 1984; 92(4):267-74.
  87. Gordon W. The consequences of uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism and its treatment in chronic kidney disease. Semin Dial 2004; 17:209-216.
  88. Olson JA, Jr., Leight GS, Jr. Surgical management of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Adv Ren Replace Ther 2002; 9(3):209-18.
  89. Rothmund M, Wagner PK, Schark C. Subtotal parathyroidectomy versus total parathyroidectomy and autotransplantation in secondary hyperparathyroidism: a randomized trial. World J Surg 1991; 15(6):745-50.
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