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Thyroid gland: References

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Tan GH, Gharib H. Thyroid incidentalomas: management approaches to nonpalpable nodules discovered incidentally on thyroid imaging. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Feb 1;126(3):226-31.

Cooper DS, Doherty GM, Haugen BR, Kloos RT, Lee SL, Mandel SJ, Mazzaferri EL, McIver B, Sherman SI, Tuttle RM; Management guidelines for patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. American Thyroid Association Guidelines Taskforce. Thyroid. 2006 Feb;16(2):109-42.

Gharib H, Papini E, Valcavi R, Baskin HJ, Crescenzi A, Dottorini ME, Duick DS, Guglielmi R, Hamilton CR Jr, Zeiger MA, Zini M; American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and Associazione Medici Endocrinologi medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules. AACE/AME Task Force on Thyroid Nodules. Endocr Pract. 2006 Jan-Feb;12(1):63-102.

Izquierdo R, Arekat MR, Knudson PE, Kartun KF, Khurana K, Kort K, Numann PJ. Comparison of palpation-guided versus ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies of thyroid nodules in an outpatient endocrinology practice. Endocr Pract. 2006 Nov-Dec;12(6):609-14

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McCoy KL, Jabbour N, Ogilvie JB, Ohori NP, Carty SE, Yim JH. The incidence of cancer and rate of false-negative cytology in thyroid nodules greater than or equal to 4 cm in size. Surgery. 2007 Dec;142(6):837-44;

Pinchot SN, Al-Wagih H, Schaefer S, Sippel R, Chen H. Accuracy of fine-needle aspiration biopsy for predicting neoplasmNeoplasm - tumor that can be either benign or malignant or carcinoma in thyroid nodules 4 cm or larger. Arch Surg. 2009 Jul;144(7):649-55.

Kloos RT, Eng C, Evans DB, et. al. Medullary thyroid cancer: management guidelines of the american thyroid association. Thyroid 2009; 19(6): 565-612

Roman S, Lin R, Sosa JA. Prognosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma: demographic, clinical, and pathologic predictors of survival in 1252 cases. Cancer 2006; 107:2134-42

Roman S, Pritesh M, Sosa JA. Medullary thyroid cancer: early detection and novel treatments. Curr Opin Oncol 2008; 21: 5-10

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Fialkowski EA, Moley JF. Current approaches to medullary thyroid carcinoma, sporadic and familial. J Surg Oncol 2006; 94: 737-747

Graff-Baker A, Sosa JA, Roman S Primary thyroid lymphoma: a review of recent developments in diagnosis and histology-driven treatment, Current Opin Oncol epub October 2009

Pasieka JL. Hashimoto's disease and thyroid lymphoma: role of the surgeon. World J Surg. 2000 Aug;24(8):966-70.

Mack LA, Pasieka JL. An evidence-based approach to the treatment of thyroid lymphoma. World J Surg. 2007 May;31(5):978-86.

Doria R, Jekel JF, Cooper DL. Thyroid lymphoma. The case for combined modality therapy. Cancer. 1994 Jan 1;73(1):200-6.

Green LD, Mack L, Pasieka JL. Anaplastic thyroid cancer and primary thyroid lymphoma: a review of these rare thyroid malignancies. J Surg Oncol. 2006 Dec 15;94(8):725-36.

Derringer GA, Thompson LD, Frommelt RA, Bijwaard KE, Heffess CS, Abbondanzo SL. Malignant lymphoma of the thyroid gland: a clinicopathologic study of 108 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2000 May;24(5):623-39.

Sosa JA, Bowman HM, Tielsch JM, Powe NR, Gordon TA, Udelsman R: The importance of surgeon experience for clinical and economic outcomes from thyroidectomy. Annals of Surgery 228:320-330, 1998.

Mitchell J, Milas M, Barbosa G, Sutton J, Berber E, Siperstein A: Avoidable reoperations for thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Effect of hospital volume. Surgery 144:899-907, 2008.

Saunders BD, Wainess RM, Dimick JB, Doherty GM, Upchurch GR, Gauger PG: Who performs endocrine operations in the United States? Surgery 134:924-931, 2003.

American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists:

American Thyroid Association:

Snyder SK, et al. Local anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care vs general anesthesia in thyroidectomy. Arch Surg 2006;1414:167-173.

Spanknebel K, et al. Thyroidectomy using monitored local or conventional general anesthesia: An analysis of outpatient surgery, outcome and cost in 1,194 consecutive cases. World J Surg 2006;30:813-824.

Spanknebel K, et al. Thyroidectomy using local anesthesia: A report of 1,025 cases over 16 years. J Am Coll Surg 2005;201:375-385.

Anton RC and Wheeler TM. Frozen section of thyroid and parathyroid specimens. Arch Pathol Lab med 2005;129:1575-1584.

Baloch ZW et al. Diagnostic terminology and morphologic criteria for cytologic diagnosis of thyroid lesions: A synopsis of the National Cancer Institute Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration State of the Science Conference. Diagn Cytopathol 2008;36:425-437.

LiVolsi VA and Baloch ZW. Use and abuse of frozen section in the diagnosis of follicular thyroid lesions. Endocr Pathol 2005;16:285-293.

Cooper DS, et al. Management guidelines for patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid 2006;16:109-142.

Kloos RT, et al. Medullary thyroid cancer: Management guidelines of the American Thyroid Association. Thyroid 2009;19:565-612.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Thyroid Carcinoma (v.1.2009):

Cooper, et al. Management Guidelines for Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. Thyroid 2009, in press.

Pacini, et al. Radioactive Ablation of Thyroid Remnants after Preparation with Recombinant Human Thyrotropin in Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma: Results of an Internation, Randomized, Controlled Study. JCEM 2006:29(2):926-932.

Remy, et al. 131I Effective Half-Life and Dosimetry in Thyroid Cancer Patients. J Nucl Med 2008;49(9):1445-1450.

Garsi, et al. Therapeutic Administration of 131I for Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Radiation Dose to Ovaries and Outcome of Pregnancies. J Nucl Med 2008;49(5):845-852.

Yeung MJ, Serpell JW. Management of the solitary thyroid nodule. Oncologist 2008 13(2); 105-112.

Castro MR, Gharib H. Thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy: progress, practice, and pitfalls. Endocrine Practice 2003 9(2); 128-136

Chisholm EJ, Kulinskaya E, Tolley NS. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the adverse effects of thyroidectomy combined with central neck dissection as compared with thyroidectomy alone. Laryngoscope 2009 19(6); 1135-1139

Dralle H, Machens A. Surgical approaches in thyroid cancer and lymph-node metastases. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 22(6); 971-987

Adler JT, Sippel RS, Schaefer S, Chen H. Preserving function and quality of life after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Lancet Oncol 2008 9(11); 1069-1075

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